Land Market and Real Estate Management in the Second Half of the Tokugawa Period : A Case Study of the Someno Family in Toride Town in a Suburb of Edo

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Land Market and Real Estate Management in the Second Half of the Tokugawa Period : A Case Study of the Someno Family in Toride Town in a Suburb of Edo

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Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Title(Other Language):
徳川後期の宿場町における土地市場と不動産経営 : 取手宿本陣染野家のケーススタディ
Responsibility:
鷲崎, 俊太郎(九州大学大学院経済学研究院産業・企業システム部門)
Washizaki, Shuntaro(Department of Industrial and Business System, Faculty of Economics, Kyushu University)
Language:
Japanese
Publication info:
歴史地理学. 51, (4), pp. 23-46, 2009-09-20. 歴史地理学会
Version:
Publisher
Abstract:
The purposes of this article are to analyze the fluctuation and settlement of land rents at Toride Town in the second half of the Tokugawa period and to compare them with those in Edo at that time. Toride is a country place in a suburb of Edo where the Mito Road and the Tone River meet. It has a riverfront and held a regular market from the end of the seventeenth century. In the middle of the eighteenth century, merchants there started to import fertilizer, fish, and soy sauce from Choshi Port at the mouth of the Tone, while exporting wheat. The expansion of a local market like this gave commercial and job opportunities to inhabitants near Toride as well as to those from other areas. Hence, the Someno family, the head of Toride, who served as an official inn for daimyos, began to rent his own lands and houses in the second half of the eighteenth century. The first of the two major discoveries is the land profitability of Toride Town. The land rents of the Someno family's tenants were very low compared to their incomes. This seemed to be one of the factors attracting inhabitants into the town and increasing demand for land, though the supply of them had reached its limit. Therefore, the land rents started to rise. Especially in the nineteenth century, they seemed to rise high in comparison with prices and real wages in Toride in spite of declining real land rents in Edo. The second is the flexible settlement of land rents. The family attempted to change them twice while greatly marking them up. In 1800, the family established the rule of payments made at Bon, the year's end. They often bought what their tenants dealt with on credit, and this must have offset bills collected at that time. But twenty years later, he renewed the system of payment of collecting land rents monthly, in order to avoid risk of default. On the other hand, monthly payments also benefitted their tenants, who could save some cash in the case of a price rise. From what has been discussed above, we can recognize that a land owner in a rural area had the flexibility to choose how to collect land rents from his tenants according to their livelihood as well as the local market, while a land owner in Edo had a little opportunity to actively show his management skills. These facts lead us to the conclusion that both the land market and real estate management in rural areas probably present an enormous contrast to those in huge cities in the late Tokugawa period. Read more
Table of Contents:
I. はじめに II. 取手宿と染野藤左衛門家 III. 「店請証文」と「店地代金通帳」 IV.賃貸軒数と地代収入の推移 V.地代の決定メカニズムと決済構造 1.1787~1827年 2.1828~1868年 VI.結語
I. はじめに II. 取手宿と染野藤左衛門家 III. 「店請証文」と「店地代金通帳」 IV.賃貸軒数と地代収入の推移 V.地代の決定メカニズムと決済構造 1.1787~1827年 2.1828~1868年 VI.結語

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