## Quadratic Residues and Non-Residues : Selected Topics

### Quadratic Residues and Non-Residues : Selected Topics

フォーマット:

by Steve Wright

Cham, Germany. 2016-. Springer International Publishing,Imprint: Springer
シリーズ:
Lecture Notes in Mathematics; 2171

This book offers an account of the classical theory of quadratic residues and non-residues with the goal of using that theory as a lens through which to view the development of some of the fundamental methods employed in modern elementary, algebraic, and analytic number theory. The first three chapters present some basic facts and the history of quadratic residues and non-residues and discuss various proofs of the Law of Quadratic Reciprosity in depth, with an emphasis on the six proofs that Gauss published. The remaining seven chapters explore some interesting applications of the Law of Quadratic Reciprocity, prove some results concerning the distribution and arithmetic structure of quadratic residues and non-residues, provide a detailed proof of Dirichlet’s Class-Number Formula, and discuss the question of whether quadratic residues are randomly distributed. The text is a valuable resource for graduate and advanced undergraduate students as well as for mathematicians interested in number theory. 続きを見る

 Chapter 1. Introduction: Solving the General Quadratic Congruence Modulo a Prime Chapter 2. Basic Facts Chapter 3. Gauss' Theorema Aureum: the Law of Quadratic Reciprocity Chapter 4. Four Interesting Applications of Quadratic Reciprocity Chapter 5. The Zeta Function of an Algebraic Number Field and Some Applications Chapter 6. Elementary Proofs Chapter 7. Dirichlet L-functions and the Distribution of Quadratic Residues Chapter 8. Dirichlet's Class-Number Formula Chapter 9. Quadratic Residues and Non-residues in Arithmetic Progression Chapter 10. Are quadratic residues randomly distributed? Bibliography.
 Chapter 1. Introduction: Solving the General Quadratic Congruence Modulo a Prime Chapter 2. Basic Facts Chapter 3. Gauss' Theorema Aureum: the Law of Quadratic Reciprocity Chapter 4. Four Interesting Applications of Quadratic Reciprocity Chapter 5. The Zeta Function of an Algebraic Number Field and Some Applications Chapter 6. Elementary Proofs