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Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 個体発生・系統発生・精神分析 : エルンスト・ヘッケルの思想(2) — Ontogenese-Phylogenese-Psychoanalyse : Zur Philosophie Ernst Haeckels (2)
福元, 圭太 ; Fukumoto, keita
Publication info: Studies in Languages and Cultures. 14, pp. 19-29, 2001-07-12. Faculty of Languages and Cultures, Kyushu University
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Abstract: In meinem letzten Aufsatz „Die Tragweite des Monismus - Zur Philosophie Ernst Haeckls (1) - " analysierte ich anhand Ernst Haeckels Vortrag „Ueber die EntIvZcklungslehre Damin's [sic!]" Haeckelschen Variank der Entwicklungslehre Charles Darwins. Dabei erörterte ich auch, welch großen Einfluss die Morphologie Goethes auf die Evolutionstheorie Haeckels ausübte. In diesem Aufsatz werde ich nun die schwellenüberschreitenden Einflüsse des so genannten „biogenetischen Gmndgesetzes" von Haeckel ehrschen. Haeckel definiert das „biogenetische Grundgesetz" wie folgt: „Die Keimesgeschichte ist ein Auszug der Stammesgeschichte." Was dies bedeutet, hmuliert er prägnant mit den Worten: „Die Keimesentwicklung ( Onthogenese ) ist eine gedrängte und abgekürzte Wiederholung der Stammesentwicklung (Phylogenese) ." Wie Stephen Jay Gould in seimem umfangreichen Werk Ontogeny and fiylogeny darlegt, hat diese „Rekapitulationtstheorie“ zwischen Individual- und Stammesentwicklung enomen Einfluss ausgeübt, und zwar vor allem auf (i) die Psychopathologie der „Verbrecher" von Ceasare Lombroso, (ii) den Rassismus im imperialistischen Zeitalter, (iii) die Entwicklungspsychologie der Kinder, besonders die von Jean Piaget, (iv) die Erziehungswissenschalt der „Herba&-Schule6' und (V) die Psychoanalyse Sigmund Freuds. Dem Letzten gilt unser besonderes Interesse. Im vorliegenden Aufsatz wird anhand einer Analyse der folgenden Abhandlungen Freuds (1. Das Vomort zur 1914 erschienenen dritten Auflage der „Drei Abhandlungen der Sexualtheorie" (Erstauflage 1905) ; 2. die 191 1 erschienenen ,,Psychoanalytischen Bemerkungen über einen autobiographisch beschriebenen Fall von Paranoia (Dementia paranoides) "; 3. das 1912-13 erschienene ,,Totem und TabuL6; und 4. das 1930 erschienene „Unbehagen in der Kulturi6 nachgewiesen, dass die wesentlichen Seile der Psychoanalyse Freunds ohne die ,,Rekapitulationststhorie“ Ernst Haeckls undenkbar gewesen wären. Read more
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Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 姜南周の詩的世界 — On the poet Kang Nam-chu and his world : focused on the pathos of a devided nation
松原, 孝俊 ; Matsubara, Takatoshi
Publication info: Studies in Languages and Cultures. 6, pp. 159-168, 1995-03-10. Institute of Languages and Cultures, Kyushu University
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Abstract: 一方には戦争という悪意を充満させた人間の非情さと苛酷さを、もう一方には人間に対する共感・憐憫を、さらにもう一方には人間の真実と虚偽とを置いて、姜南周の詩的空間の土台は構築きれている。そしてその土台の上に時間の軸を設定する。そのために彼の詩集は時間の主題による変奏曲集であるといって良い。 現実世界と超時間的な無限の世界とをその全体に渡って望見し、人間という奇妙な存在の意味を考察しようとしている。その人間認識の上に立つことで、彼の詩は普遍性の獲得に成功している。 Read more
3.
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Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 見霊者ゲーテとその文学(2) — Der Geisterseher Goethe und seine Literatur (2)
新保, 弼彬 ; Shimbo, Sukeyoshi
Publication info: Studies in Languages and Cultures. 14, pp. 31-50, 2001-07-12. Faculty of Languages and Cultures, Kyushu University
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Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 闘う教会(THE CHURCH MILITANT) — A Translation of George Herbert's The Church Militant
鬼塚, 敬一 ; Onizuka, Keiichi
Publication info: Studies in Languages and Cultures. 6, pp. 169-182, 1995-03-10. Institute of Languages and Cultures, Kyushu University
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Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of テキスト・データベースによる詩的語彙の頻度とその分析 : ヘルダーリンの「火」に関する語,FeuerとFlarnmeを中心に — Eine Untersuchung zur Häufigketi des Vorkommens von Wörtern wie
棚瀬, 明彦 ; Tanase, Akihiko
Publication info: Studies in Languages and Cultures. 14, pp. 51-60, 2001-07-12. Faculty of Languages and Cultures, Kyushu University
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Abstract: In der Hölderlinforschung gilt Hölderlins Vorliebe für das Heiße und Feurige als eine sprachliche Eigentümlichkeit seiner sogenannten späten hymnischen Gedichte. Im vorliegenden Aufsatz wird zuerst die Häufigkeit des Vorkommens von dichterischen Wörtern wie "Feuer" und "Flamme" sowie deren Ableitungen untersucht und anschließend deren Vemendung in den Gedichten vor und nach 1800 verglichen und analysiert. Auffällige Eigentümlichkeiten lassen sich bei der Analyse des Wortes "Flamme" zwar nicht erkennen, aber zum Wort I' Feuer " konnten einige charakteristisch-stilistische Besonderheiten herausgearbeitet werden. Read more
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Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of フォークナーのリライティングの方法と歴史意識 : 『征服されざる門々』における銃のモチーフ — Faulkner's Method of Rewriting and Historical consciousness : The Gun Motif in The Unvanquished
小谷, 耕二 ; Kotani, Koji
Publication info: Studies in Languages and Cultures. 7, pp. 1-11, 1996-03-01. Institute of Languages and Cultures, Kyushu University
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Abstract: The present paper is an attempt to elucidate Faulkner's method of rewriting by focusing on several gun episodes in The Unvanquished. In the last chapter of the novei, "Alt 0dor of Verbena," Beyard Sartoris refuses to take revenge on B. J. Redmond for killing his father, Colonel John Sartoris, although he preves his honer and courage by confrondng Redmond without bearing a gun. This act is an act of "rewriting" his two previeus shoetings; he fired a musket at Union soldiers when he was twelve-years-old, and shet Grumby to deatk at fifteen. The former happened as a part of his war play with Ringo, his black playmate, and the latter was an act of revenge for the death ef his grandmother, Granny. Contrasting Bayard's cheice of nonvielence with those two gun episodes, Faulkner shews that Bayard criticizes and tries to change the Southern tradition of vielence. Therefere, Bayard's moral growth is accompanied by his successful search for a new pattern of behavior based on a new defmition of honor and courage, which is also an act of rewriting the conventional form of histerical consciousness into a new one. Read more
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Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 樺太アイヌ語の母音の長短と北海道アイヌ語のピッチアクセントとの史的関係(1) : 両アイヌ方言の音韻における史的関係の解明に向けての研究序説 — “On the Historical Relationship of the Pitch Accent System of Hokkaido Ainu and the Vowel Length System of Sakhalin Ainu (1) : A Preliminary Study toward the Historico-Phonological Relationship of Hokkaido Ainu and Sakhalin Ainu”
板橋, 義三 ; Itabashi, Yoshizo
Publication info: Studies in Languages and Cultures. 14, pp. 87-103, 2001-07-12. Faculty of Languages and Cultures, Kyushu University
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Abstract: This study is a preliminary research on the historical relationship of the pitch accent system of Hokkaido Ainu and the vowel length system of Sakhalin Ainu. There are two opposing theories on the phonological features of Prote-Ainu, Hatteri Shiro's Vowel Length Theory(1967) and Vovin's Vewel Length and Pitch Accent Theory(l993): Hattori proposed that Proto-Ainu should have a phonological distinction between long and short vowels without pitch accent; on the other hand, Vovin proposed that Proto-Ainu had a phonological distinction not only between long and short vowels but alse between high and low pitch accents. This paper suggests that Proto-Ainu had both vowel length and pitch accent as the phonological features, which supports Vevin's theory. Read more
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Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of コンコード・ライシーアム — Concord Lyceum
小野, 和人 ; Ono, Kazuto
Publication info: Studies in Languages and Cultures. 7, pp. 13-25, 1996-03-01. Institute of Languages and Cultures, Kyushu University
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Abstract: Throughout the 19th century, Lyceums, the cultural and educationai enlightenment movements were so popular among American people. For instance, Concord Lyceum in Concord, Massachusetts was quite active during the term: 1829-1881. This article tries to investigate the enlightenment activities of the Lyceum, refering to the two academic works: Carl Bode's The American Lycezam (1968) and Kenneth Cameron's Massachusetts Lyceecm (1969). There were 795 lectures given and 122 discussions made in Concord Lyceum, the titles of which are compiled into a classified table under the category of each academic field at the end of this article. In order to give a concrete exampie of the cultural effects of the Lyceum on the literary people in the American Renaissance period, Henry D. Thoreau is represented here, since he lived almost through the Lyceum age, and most of his works are based on his lecture activities there. Read more
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Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of The Blindness of Obsession as Portrayed in Nabokov's
Quinn, Brian Thomas ; Vladimirovich Nabokov
Publication info: Studies in Languages and Cultures. 7, pp. 25-35, 1996-03-01. Institute of Languages and Cultures, Kyushu University
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Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 寓意と象徴の間 : ホーソーンにおけるロマンスの意味について — Between Allegory and Symbolism : A Study on Hawthorne's Romance
高橋, 勤 ; Takahashi, Tsutomu
Publication info: Studies in Languages and Cultures. 7, pp. 37-46, 1996-03-01. Institute of Languages and Cultures, Kyushu University
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