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1.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of On the emancipation of materia medica studies (honzōgaku) in early modern Japan — 近世日本における本草学の自立について
Michel, Wolfgang ; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Zaitsu
Publication info: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on the History of Indigenous Knowledge (ISHIK 2015). pp. 93-106, 2015-11-01.
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Abstract: Since the pioneering work by the phytopathologist and natural historian Shirai Mitsutarō (1863–1932), the beginnings of genuine native studies on Japanese herbs have been linked to Kaibara Ekiken’s book “Japanese Materia Medica” (大和本草 Yamato honzō) published in 1709.[1] However, a closer look that includes Dutch source material from the second half of the 17th century reveals that there was more to this process of emancipation from Chinese herbology than the individual ingenuity of a neo-Confucian scholar. The harsh economic realities of the archipelago had a strong influence on all political decisions related to resources, imports, and exports from the very beginning of Japan’s Edo period (1603–1868). During the 1650s, the adoption of Western medicine led to the introduction of herbs and drugs that were not known hitherto and were imported from the Dutch East India Company. Insufficient and high-priced supply eventually stimulated an attempt initiated by the imperial councilor Inaba Masanori to start local production of certain medical materials and to investigate local plants, while requesting seeds and plants from the Dutch East India Company and the dispatch of herb specialists. Joint Dutch–Japanese botanical investigations and instruction about imported and local plants by European physicians and pharmacists provided a reference point (tertium comparationis) that enabled their Japanese counterparts to achieve a new view of such Chinese herbals as the “Principles and Species of Materia Medica” (本草綱目 Bĕncǎo gāngmù) while heightening their awareness of the distinctive properties of indigenous Japanese flora. About five decades before Shōgun Tokugawa Yoshimune (1684–1751) implemented his famous “herb policy”, almost identical attempts were made under Tokugawa Ietsuna (1641–1680). These activities faded out with the accession of his successor Tokugawa Tsunayoshi (1646–1709), but herb studies continued to be a common field of interest for Japan as well as for the Dutch East India Company throughout the Edo period. Read more
2.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 極東における医学と布教 : 九ヶ月間の旅を振り返るアショフ教授 — Medizin und Mission im Fernen Osten - Ludwig Aschoffs Erinnerungen an eine neunmonatige Reise
ミヒェル・ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang
Publication info: 田原通信. (8), pp. 30-42, 2015-09-30. 日本不整脈学会・田原淳シンポジウム委員会・田原心臓研究会
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3.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 中津地方における医学教育の近代化について — On the Modernization of Medical Education in the Area of Nakatsu
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: 青木歳幸著『西南諸藩医学教育の研究』. pp. 61-84, 2015-03-27.
Series: On the Modernization of Medical Education in the Area of Nakatsu. In: Tokiyuki AOKI (ed.): Medical Education in South-Western Fiefdoms. Research Report, Grant-in-Aid number 24520760; 24520760
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4.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 江戸・明治初期の医療器具について — On Medical Instruments in the Edo- and Early Meiji Period
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang(Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: 「医工の絆」ハイブリッド医療人養成コースシンポジウム : ファン・デン・ブルックとモーニッケの生誕200年を記念して. pp. 33-43, 2014-12. Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
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5.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 九州帝國大學細菌学教室初代教授小川政修貴重コレクションリスト
丸山, マサ美; Michel, Wolfgang; 吉田, 眞一 ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2013-05. Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
Series: 平成23・24・25年度科学研究費補助金(萌芽研究)研究成果報告書; 23650563
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6.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of Tradition and Innovation – Medical Instruments in Edo and Meiji Japan.
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on the History of Indigenous Knowledge (ISHIK 2012). 2012, pp. 61-67, 2012-10. Saga University, Center for Regional Culture and History
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Abstract: In 1870, the Meiji government decided to adopt German medicine as the base of the new national health-care system while starting to restrict traditional Sino-Japanese medicine. These policies not only deeply affected the education and activities of physicians throughout the country but also had a profound impact on the production and distribution of pharmaceuticals and medical instruments. Facing a shrinking market for traditional drugs, acupuncture needles, and surgical instruments, merchants such as Shirai Matsunosuke (Osaka) searched for ways to secure their place in the new medical system. While importing instruments from Western companies, they also employed swordsmiths, gunmakers, glassblowers, and other traditional craftsmen and managed to lay the foundation for independent national production. Initially, orders came only from domestic hospitals and physicians, but soon new markets were developed in China, Korea, India, and Hawaii, among other places. After only a few decades, products that had received medals in national industrial exhibitions were also recognized in universal expositions. Without these flexible and farsighted entrepreneurs and the technical skills accumulated by traditional craftsmen during the Edo period, the quick modernization of medicine in Meiji Japan would not have been possible. Read more
7.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of Border Crossing and Intellectual Curiosity – On the Modernization of Japanese Medicine during the Edo Period — 越境と知的好奇心 ー 近代医学へ至る道
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: 2011-11-09. Nagasaki University
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Table of Contents:
Introductory Remarks // Early Beginnings // Economic Conditions // Physicians as Pioneers // The Dejima Trading Post // Nagasaki as the Cradle of “Dutch Studies” // Printing and Copying // Homo Ludens // Collectors and Collections // Language Studies // Educational Institutions //
Introductory Remarks // Early Beginnings // Economic Conditions // Physicians as Pioneers // The Dejima Trading Post // Nagasaki as the Cradle of “Dutch Studies” // Printing and Copying // Homo Ludens // Collectors and Collections // Language Studies // Educational Institutions //
8.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 16〜18世紀のヨーロッパへ伝わった日本の鍼灸 — Japanese Acupuncture and Moxibustion in 16-18th Century Europe
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング
Publication info: 全日本鍼灸学会雑誌. 61, (2), pp. 150 (42)-163 (55), 2011-05-01. 全日本鍼灸学会
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Table of Contents:
近世東西交流における医学// 情報発信地としての「鎖国日本」// 和漢医学に関心を寄せる南蛮人 // 日欧医師の継続的交流を可能にしたオランダ商館の移転 // 足痛風の治療薬としての「Moxa」// 鍼の西漸 // 分れる評価
近世東西交流における医学// 情報発信地としての「鎖国日本」// 和漢医学に関心を寄せる南蛮人 // 日欧医師の継続的交流を可能にしたオランダ商館の移転 // 足痛風の治療薬としての「Moxa」// 鍼の西漸 // 分れる評価
9.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of Japanese Acupuncture and Moxibustion in Europe from the 16th to 18th Centuries
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: Japanese Acupuncture and Moxibustion. 2011, (1), pp. 1-11, 2011. The Japan Society of Acupuncture and Moxibustion (JSAM)
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Table of Contents:
I. Medicine in Early Modern Interactions between East and West // II. A ‘Secluded Country’ as a Source of Information // III. ‘Southern Barbarians’ and Sino-Japanese Medicine // IV. The Relocation of the Dutch Trading Post and the Beginning of Continuous Interactions between Japanese and European Physicians // V. ‘Moxa’ as a Remedy against Podagra // VI. On the Transmission of Acupuncture to the West // VII. Controversy about the Evaluation //
I. Medicine in Early Modern Interactions between East and West // II. A ‘Secluded Country’ as a Source of Information // III. ‘Southern Barbarians’ and Sino-Japanese Medicine // IV. The Relocation of the Dutch Trading Post and the Beginning of Continuous Interactions between Japanese and European Physicians // V. ‘Moxa’ as a Remedy against Podagra // VI. On the Transmission of Acupuncture to the West // VII. Controversy about the Evaluation //
10.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 点描:近世ヨーロッパに伝えられた日本の鍼灸 — Japanese Acupuncture and Moxibustion in Early Modern Europe
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: 全日本鍼灸学会雑誌. 61, (1), pp. 10-11, 2011-01. Japan Society of Acupuncture and Moxibustion
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