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1.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 学芸の諸相Ⅰ (中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館 医家史料館資料叢書 XV) — Aspects of Science and Art I
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング; Michel, Wolfgang; 吉田, 洋一 ... [et al.]
Publication info: pp. 1-94, 2016-03-30. City of Nakatsu, Board of Education
Series: 中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館医家史料館叢書; 15
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Table of Contents:
【原著論文】雲華上人と中津の文人 : 付中津市所蔵雲華自筆資料二種[湯谷祐三] / 村上玄秀の「徂徠先生学則解」について[吉田洋一] / 中津藩旧蔵書と進脩館[大島明秀] 【研究ノート】近世・近代初期中津の書肆・梅津屋寿平について[ミヒェル・ヴォルフガング]
【原著論文】雲華上人と中津の文人 : 付中津市所蔵雲華自筆資料二種[湯谷祐三] / 村上玄秀の「徂徠先生学則解」について[吉田洋一] / 中津藩旧蔵書と進脩館[大島明秀] 【研究ノート】近世・近代初期中津の書肆・梅津屋寿平について[ミヒェル・ヴォルフガング]
2.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of On the emancipation of materia medica studies (honzōgaku) in early modern Japan — 近世日本における本草学の自立について
Michel, Wolfgang ; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Zaitsu
Publication info: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on the History of Indigenous Knowledge (ISHIK 2015). pp. 93-106, 2015-11-01.
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Abstract: Since the pioneering work by the phytopathologist and natural historian Shirai Mitsutarō (1863–1932), the beginnings of genuine native studies on Japanese herbs have been linked to Kaibara Ekiken’s book “Japanese Materia Medica” (大和本草 Yamato honzō) published in 1709.[1] However, a closer look that includes Dutch source material from the second half of the 17th century reveals that there was more to this process of emancipation from Chinese herbology than the individual ingenuity of a neo-Confucian scholar. The harsh economic realities of the archipelago had a strong influence on all political decisions related to resources, imports, and exports from the very beginning of Japan’s Edo period (1603–1868). During the 1650s, the adoption of Western medicine led to the introduction of herbs and drugs that were not known hitherto and were imported from the Dutch East India Company. Insufficient and high-priced supply eventually stimulated an attempt initiated by the imperial councilor Inaba Masanori to start local production of certain medical materials and to investigate local plants, while requesting seeds and plants from the Dutch East India Company and the dispatch of herb specialists. Joint Dutch–Japanese botanical investigations and instruction about imported and local plants by European physicians and pharmacists provided a reference point (tertium comparationis) that enabled their Japanese counterparts to achieve a new view of such Chinese herbals as the “Principles and Species of Materia Medica” (本草綱目 Bĕncǎo gāngmù) while heightening their awareness of the distinctive properties of indigenous Japanese flora. About five decades before Shōgun Tokugawa Yoshimune (1684–1751) implemented his famous “herb policy”, almost identical attempts were made under Tokugawa Ietsuna (1641–1680). These activities faded out with the accession of his successor Tokugawa Tsunayoshi (1646–1709), but herb studies continued to be a common field of interest for Japan as well as for the Dutch East India Company throughout the Edo period. Read more
3.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 極東における医学と布教 : 九ヶ月間の旅を振り返るアショフ教授 — Medizin und Mission im Fernen Osten - Ludwig Aschoffs Erinnerungen an eine neunmonatige Reise
ミヒェル・ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang
Publication info: 田原通信. (8), pp. 30-42, 2015-09-30. 日本不整脈学会・田原淳シンポジウム委員会・田原心臓研究会
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4.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 中津地方における医学教育の近代化について — On the Modernization of Medical Education in the Area of Nakatsu
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: 青木歳幸著『西南諸藩医学教育の研究』. pp. 61-84, 2015-03-27.
Series: On the Modernization of Medical Education in the Area of Nakatsu. In: Tokiyuki AOKI (ed.): Medical Education in South-Western Fiefdoms. Research Report, Grant-in-Aid number 24520760; 24520760
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5.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 人物と交流IV(中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館 医家史料館資料叢書 14) — Personalities and Encounters IV (Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore, Medical Archive Series No 14)
大島, 明秀; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング; 吉田, 洋一 ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2015-03-27. 中津市教育委員会
Series: Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore, Medical Archive Series; 14
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Abstract: On the manuscript “Study of Medical Books” and the physician family Yakata Akihide ŌSHIMA This study deals with a manuscript entitled Iseki-kō that was kept by the Yakata family, who over many generations took care of the small population in the remote hamlet of Yakata and its surroundings (nowadays part of the administrative area of Nakatsu City, Ōita prefecture). Among the various prints and manuscripts that were found in the former residence of this family, there was an Edo-period manuscript of 38 pages bound in the traditional four-hole binding (yotsume toji). It contains the titles, authors, number of volumes and other data of more than one thousand Chinese books on medicine in chronological order until the Ming Dynasty. A comparative analysis of the graphical properties showed that the manuscript was written by Yakata Moromichi (1746–1826), the first physician of the Yakata family. It is hardly conceivable that these books were piled up in his house. Further investigations brought to light a similar manuscript kept by Kyōto University as part of the Fujikawa Collection. It was written by Nozu Genkai, a physician yet to be identified. As this second manuscript with 1212 titles shows various more elaborate traits, Yakata’s text seems to be a later copy. No other copy has been found, and nothing is known about Nozu and the circumstances under which Yakata made his copy. Yakata lived in an isolated and rather backward hamlet. But like many ambitious physicians of the Edo period, he ventured out and managed to build up an impressive network. He was on good terms with Tanaka Denshin (1748–1824), a physician in the castle town of Nakatsu and with Kuranari Ryūsho (1748–1812), a Neo-Confucian scholar employed by the lord of Nakatsu. Yakata also went to Nagasaki and studied Western medicine in the school of the interpreter and scholar Yoshio Kōgyū (1724–1800), whose knowledge and collection attracted thousands of visitors from all over the country. Obviously, Yakata Moromichi conducted intensive studies about both Western and Chinese medicine. On the manuscript “Miscellaneous Records” (Sho-zatsuyō-ki) kept by the physician family Murakami Yōichi YOSHIDA Nakatsu is located in the eastern part of Kyushu. Early modern history of this area starts in 1587 with the arrival of Lord Kuroda Yoshitaka (1546–1604). During the 17th century, the local rulers changed several times because of forced relocation by the Edo Government. In 1600, the domain was given to the Hosogawa clan, which was substituted by the Ogasawara clan in 1632. From 1717 up to 1871, the Okudairas ruled Nakatsu. The history of the Murakami family goes back to Murakami Sōhaku, who started his medical practice during the Ogasawara era in 1640. From the third generation on, the successive heads of the family served as domain physicians to the Okudaira clan.This study deals with a manuscript entitled Sho-zatsuyō-ki. On its second page, it shows the date “first year Kanei”, which corresponds to 1848 in the Western calendar. Various names of places and some chronological remarks, as well as expressions such as “departure from Sumpu” “from Fuchū to Kanaya eight miles” and “pilgrimage to Mount Asama”, show that these are notes taken during journeys from Edo to Nakatsu. In the mid-18th century, Murakami Harumi (1806–1893) served as physician to Lord Okudaira Masatomo. The manuscript starts on July 1 with Sumpu (present-day Shizuoka), followed by notes about Kanaya, Hamamatsu, Futagawa, Okazaki, Kuwana, Yokkaichi, Kameyama, Kusatsu, Ōtsu, Kyōto (July 9) and finally Ōsaka, where the domain of Nakatsu maintained a trading station with storage houses. Another part of the manuscript begins with the arrival in Ōsaka on July 14. This time, the journey continues by ship to Shikoku including a pilgrimage to the Konpira Shrine (July 17), a famous site of prayers for safe seafaring located halfway to the top of Mount Zōzu. Two days later, the party passed the island of Himejima in the Western part of the Seto Inland Sea. Additionally, there are records from when Lord Okudaira had finished his obligatory attendance in Edo and was about to return to his domain. Servants from his Edo residence are accompanying the travelers to the village of Shinagawa (June 23). Later entries mention Hodogaya, Totsuka and Fujisawa, all of them well-known stations of the famous “East Sea Road” (Tōkaidō). None of the journeys is completely recorded, but all descriptions are very detailed, giving the names of temples and shrines, lodges, meals and prices, and thus provide valuable information on the state of traveling in late-Edo Japan. On the elementary schools of Nakatsu in the early Meiji period Mieko TŌSHO In 2012, the Ōe Medical Archive received a generous donation by a descendant of Ōe Okujirō, the third son of the physician Ōe Untaku (1822–1899), who was adopted by the Tsukioka family. Among various old photos, scrolls, books and manuscripts, there was a wooden box containing more than 70 excerpts of records related to the establishment of a school, donations and fund-raising efforts. The records cover the period from 1876 to 1882, when Japan introduced compulsory education and started to establish elementary schools. Many communities had great difficulty in securing sufficient financial resources, but as education was highly valued in Edo- period Japan, we can observe private donations of money, construction land and materials throughout the country. As the detailed records preserved by the Tsukioka family show, the population of Nakatsu was deeply involved in the establishment of communal schools. Combined with the information given by the local “Rural News” (Inaka Shimbun), one of the first newspapers in Meiji-era Japan, these source materials shed new light on the twists and turns in the establishment and running of elementary schools in Nakatsu. They also underline the thirst for education and Japan's enthusiasm to catch up with the modern world. Read more
6.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 江戸・明治初期の医療器具について — On Medical Instruments in the Edo- and Early Meiji Period
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang(Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: 「医工の絆」ハイブリッド医療人養成コースシンポジウム : ファン・デン・ブルックとモーニッケの生誕200年を記念して. pp. 33-43, 2014-12. Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
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7.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of The True Shape of Bones : On the Dawn of Anatomical Dissection in Early Modern Japan — 人骨の真形 : 日本における人体解剖の黎明期について
Michel, Wolfgang ; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang ; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング
Publication info: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on History of Indigenous Knowledge. pp. 37-44, 2014-10. Society for the History of Indigenous Knowledge
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Abstract: The history of anatomical dissections in early modern Japan has been recounted many times, usually beginning with Yamawaki Tōyō (1706–1762) who conducted the first Japanese autopsy in 1754. As Yamawaki, and all those curious physicians who followed his example, consulted European anatomy books, their dissections are unanimously considered to be a response to Western stimuli. This view is based on the assumption that anatomical research in Japanese traditional medicine had fallen into a stage of stagnation, lacking any impetus toward further progress. However, a closer look reveals that Japanese interest in anatomy had already been rekindled in the first half of the 18th century, when osteopathic pioneers and an ambitious ophthalmologist had begun to prefer their own observations over the mere study of classical texts, and even ventured out to have a look into the interior of human cadavers. This paper traces these activities and their indigenous history. Read more
8.
Other
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 九州地方の医学史 — History of Medicine in Kyushu
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu); Kobayashi, Akira; Satō, Hiroshi ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2014-05. Japanese Society for the History of Medicine, Fukuoka Chapter
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9.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 人物と交流Ⅲ(中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館 医家史料館叢書13) — Personalities and EncountersⅢ(Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore, Medical Archive Series No 13)
Yoshida, Yoichi; 大島, 明秀; 吉田, 洋一 ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2014-03-31. City of Nakatsu, Board of Education
Series: Nakatsu Municipal Museum of Histry and Folklore Mudical Archive series; 13
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Table of Contents:
Machiko HIRAO Tashiro Motonori and Takaki Kanehiro: Two doctors from Kyushu who introduced modern nursing in Meiji Japan // Akihide OSHIMA On the "Secret Book about medical treatment and dispensing medicines" kept by the physician family Tabuchi // Yoichi YOSHIDA The social world of the Murakami family as seen in an old hanging scroll // Mieko TOSHO Source materials related to the "Mihata Elementary Schools win Early Meiji Nakatsu // Eri NAKAMURA A The hanging scroll of Kamei Y0shu kept by the Murakami Medical Archive // Natsumi NARITOMI The book"Nozuchi" kept by the Karashima family // Wolfgang MICHEL The first Western map showing the place-name Nakatsu // ABSTRACTS // INDEX
Machiko HIRAO Tashiro Motonori and Takaki Kanehiro: Two doctors from Kyushu who introduced modern nursing in Meiji Japan // Akihide OSHIMA On the "Secret Book about medical treatment and dispensing medicines" kept by the physician family Tabuchi // Yoichi YOSHIDA The social world of the Murakami family as seen in an old hanging scroll // Mieko TOSHO Source materials related to the "Mihata Elementary Schools win Early Meiji Nakatsu // Eri NAKAMURA A The hanging scroll of Kamei Y0shu kept by the Murakami Medical Archive // Natsumi NARITOMI The book"Nozuchi" kept by the Karashima family // Wolfgang MICHEL The first Western map showing the place-name Nakatsu // ABSTRACTS // INDEX
10.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 近世日本医学における「越境」と「折衷」 — Bordercrossing and Eclecticism in Early Modern Japanese Medicine
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang ; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang
Publication info: 医は仁術. pp. 138-144, 2014-03-14. TBSテレビ
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