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1.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 学芸の諸相Ⅱ (中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館 医家史料館資料叢書 XVI) — Aspects of Science and Art Ⅱ
寺内, 直子; Terauchi, Naoko; 吉田, 洋一 ... [et al.]
Publication info: 16, pp. 1-116, 2017-03-30. City of Nakatsu, Board of Education
Series: 中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館医家史料館叢書; 16
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【原著論文】一八世紀前半における武家への雅楽の広がり : 豊前中津・田渕家史料より[寺内直子] 村上田長の医学修養 : 「山脇東門先生随筆」を素材として[吉田洋一] 【研究ノート】村上医家史料館蔵「文化二丑年御倹約之写」について[大島明秀] 神尾医家に関する新出史料について[曽我俊裕、三谷紘平] 【資料目録】 村上目録:五部 社会
【原著論文】一八世紀前半における武家への雅楽の広がり : 豊前中津・田渕家史料より[寺内直子] 村上田長の医学修養 : 「山脇東門先生随筆」を素材として[吉田洋一] 【研究ノート】村上医家史料館蔵「文化二丑年御倹約之写」について[大島明秀] 神尾医家に関する新出史料について[曽我俊裕、三谷紘平] 【資料目録】 村上目録:五部 社会
2.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 学芸の諸相Ⅰ (中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館 医家史料館資料叢書 XV) — Aspects of Science and Art I
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング; Michel, Wolfgang; 吉田, 洋一 ... [et al.]
Publication info: pp. 1-94, 2016-03-30. City of Nakatsu, Board of Education
Series: 中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館医家史料館叢書; 15
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Table of Contents:
【原著論文】雲華上人と中津の文人 : 付中津市所蔵雲華自筆資料二種[湯谷祐三] / 村上玄秀の「徂徠先生学則解」について[吉田洋一] / 中津藩旧蔵書と進脩館[大島明秀] 【研究ノート】近世・近代初期中津の書肆・梅津屋寿平について[ミヒェル・ヴォルフガング]
【原著論文】雲華上人と中津の文人 : 付中津市所蔵雲華自筆資料二種[湯谷祐三] / 村上玄秀の「徂徠先生学則解」について[吉田洋一] / 中津藩旧蔵書と進脩館[大島明秀] 【研究ノート】近世・近代初期中津の書肆・梅津屋寿平について[ミヒェル・ヴォルフガング]
3.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of On the emancipation of materia medica studies (honzōgaku) in early modern Japan — 近世日本における本草学の自立について
Michel, Wolfgang ; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Zaitsu
Publication info: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on the History of Indigenous Knowledge (ISHIK 2015). pp. 93-106, 2015-11-01.
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Abstract: Since the pioneering work by the phytopathologist and natural historian Shirai Mitsutarō (1863–1932), the beginnings of genuine native studies on Japanese herbs have been linked to Kaibara Ekiken’s book “Japanese Materia Medica” (大和本草 Yamato honzō) published in 1709.[1] However, a closer look that includes Dutch source material from the second half of the 17th century reveals that there was more to this process of emancipation from Chinese herbology than the individual ingenuity of a neo-Confucian scholar. The harsh economic realities of the archipelago had a strong influence on all political decisions related to resources, imports, and exports from the very beginning of Japan’s Edo period (1603–1868). During the 1650s, the adoption of Western medicine led to the introduction of herbs and drugs that were not known hitherto and were imported from the Dutch East India Company. Insufficient and high-priced supply eventually stimulated an attempt initiated by the imperial councilor Inaba Masanori to start local production of certain medical materials and to investigate local plants, while requesting seeds and plants from the Dutch East India Company and the dispatch of herb specialists. Joint Dutch–Japanese botanical investigations and instruction about imported and local plants by European physicians and pharmacists provided a reference point (tertium comparationis) that enabled their Japanese counterparts to achieve a new view of such Chinese herbals as the “Principles and Species of Materia Medica” (本草綱目 Bĕncǎo gāngmù) while heightening their awareness of the distinctive properties of indigenous Japanese flora. About five decades before Shōgun Tokugawa Yoshimune (1684–1751) implemented his famous “herb policy”, almost identical attempts were made under Tokugawa Ietsuna (1641–1680). These activities faded out with the accession of his successor Tokugawa Tsunayoshi (1646–1709), but herb studies continued to be a common field of interest for Japan as well as for the Dutch East India Company throughout the Edo period. Read more
4.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 極東における医学と布教 : 九ヶ月間の旅を振り返るアショフ教授 — Medizin und Mission im Fernen Osten - Ludwig Aschoffs Erinnerungen an eine neunmonatige Reise
ミヒェル・ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang
Publication info: 田原通信. (8), pp. 30-42, 2015-09-30. 日本不整脈学会・田原淳シンポジウム委員会・田原心臓研究会
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5.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 中津地方における医学教育の近代化について — On the Modernization of Medical Education in the Area of Nakatsu
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: 青木歳幸著『西南諸藩医学教育の研究』. pp. 61-84, 2015-03-27.
Series: On the Modernization of Medical Education in the Area of Nakatsu. In: Tokiyuki AOKI (ed.): Medical Education in South-Western Fiefdoms. Research Report, Grant-in-Aid number 24520760; 24520760
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6.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 人物と交流IV(中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館 医家史料館資料叢書 14) — Personalities and Encounters IV (Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore, Medical Archive Series No 14)
大島, 明秀; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング; 吉田, 洋一 ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2015-03-27. 中津市教育委員会
Series: Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore, Medical Archive Series; 14
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Abstract: On the manuscript “Study of Medical Books” and the physician family Yakata Akihide ŌSHIMA This study deals with a manuscript entitled Iseki-kō that was kept by the Yakata family, who over many generations took care of the small population in the remote hamlet of Yakata and its surroundings (nowadays part of the administrative area of Nakatsu City, Ōita prefecture). Among the various prints and manuscripts that were found in the former residence of this family, there was an Edo-period manuscript of 38 pages bound in the traditional four-hole binding (yotsume toji). It contains the titles, authors, number of volumes and other data of more than one thousand Chinese books on medicine in chronological order until the Ming Dynasty. A comparative analysis of the graphical properties showed that the manuscript was written by Yakata Moromichi (1746–1826), the first physician of the Yakata family. It is hardly conceivable that these books were piled up in his house. Further investigations brought to light a similar manuscript kept by Kyōto University as part of the Fujikawa Collection. It was written by Nozu Genkai, a physician yet to be identified. As this second manuscript with 1212 titles shows various more elaborate traits, Yakata’s text seems to be a later copy. No other copy has been found, and nothing is known about Nozu and the circumstances under which Yakata made his copy. Yakata lived in an isolated and rather backward hamlet. But like many ambitious physicians of the Edo period, he ventured out and managed to build up an impressive network. He was on good terms with Tanaka Denshin (1748–1824), a physician in the castle town of Nakatsu and with Kuranari Ryūsho (1748–1812), a Neo-Confucian scholar employed by the lord of Nakatsu. Yakata also went to Nagasaki and studied Western medicine in the school of the interpreter and scholar Yoshio Kōgyū (1724–1800), whose knowledge and collection attracted thousands of visitors from all over the country. Obviously, Yakata Moromichi conducted intensive studies about both Western and Chinese medicine. On the manuscript “Miscellaneous Records” (Sho-zatsuyō-ki) kept by the physician family Murakami Yōichi YOSHIDA Nakatsu is located in the eastern part of Kyushu. Early modern history of this area starts in 1587 with the arrival of Lord Kuroda Yoshitaka (1546–1604). During the 17th century, the local rulers changed several times because of forced relocation by the Edo Government. In 1600, the domain was given to the Hosogawa clan, which was substituted by the Ogasawara clan in 1632. From 1717 up to 1871, the Okudairas ruled Nakatsu. The history of the Murakami family goes back to Murakami Sōhaku, who started his medical practice during the Ogasawara era in 1640. From the third generation on, the successive heads of the family served as domain physicians to the Okudaira clan.This study deals with a manuscript entitled Sho-zatsuyō-ki. On its second page, it shows the date “first year Kanei”, which corresponds to 1848 in the Western calendar. Various names of places and some chronological remarks, as well as expressions such as “departure from Sumpu” “from Fuchū to Kanaya eight miles” and “pilgrimage to Mount Asama”, show that these are notes taken during journeys from Edo to Nakatsu. In the mid-18th century, Murakami Harumi (1806–1893) served as physician to Lord Okudaira Masatomo. The manuscript starts on July 1 with Sumpu (present-day Shizuoka), followed by notes about Kanaya, Hamamatsu, Futagawa, Okazaki, Kuwana, Yokkaichi, Kameyama, Kusatsu, Ōtsu, Kyōto (July 9) and finally Ōsaka, where the domain of Nakatsu maintained a trading station with storage houses. Another part of the manuscript begins with the arrival in Ōsaka on July 14. This time, the journey continues by ship to Shikoku including a pilgrimage to the Konpira Shrine (July 17), a famous site of prayers for safe seafaring located halfway to the top of Mount Zōzu. Two days later, the party passed the island of Himejima in the Western part of the Seto Inland Sea. Additionally, there are records from when Lord Okudaira had finished his obligatory attendance in Edo and was about to return to his domain. Servants from his Edo residence are accompanying the travelers to the village of Shinagawa (June 23). Later entries mention Hodogaya, Totsuka and Fujisawa, all of them well-known stations of the famous “East Sea Road” (Tōkaidō). None of the journeys is completely recorded, but all descriptions are very detailed, giving the names of temples and shrines, lodges, meals and prices, and thus provide valuable information on the state of traveling in late-Edo Japan. On the elementary schools of Nakatsu in the early Meiji period Mieko TŌSHO In 2012, the Ōe Medical Archive received a generous donation by a descendant of Ōe Okujirō, the third son of the physician Ōe Untaku (1822–1899), who was adopted by the Tsukioka family. Among various old photos, scrolls, books and manuscripts, there was a wooden box containing more than 70 excerpts of records related to the establishment of a school, donations and fund-raising efforts. The records cover the period from 1876 to 1882, when Japan introduced compulsory education and started to establish elementary schools. Many communities had great difficulty in securing sufficient financial resources, but as education was highly valued in Edo- period Japan, we can observe private donations of money, construction land and materials throughout the country. As the detailed records preserved by the Tsukioka family show, the population of Nakatsu was deeply involved in the establishment of communal schools. Combined with the information given by the local “Rural News” (Inaka Shimbun), one of the first newspapers in Meiji-era Japan, these source materials shed new light on the twists and turns in the establishment and running of elementary schools in Nakatsu. They also underline the thirst for education and Japan's enthusiasm to catch up with the modern world. Read more
7.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of A naturalist lost – C. P. Thunberg’s disciple Johan Arnold Stützer (1763–1821) in the East Indies
Wolfgang, Michel
Publication info: Japanese collections in European museums : reports from the Toyota-Foundation-Symposium Königswinter 2003. 3, pp. 147-162, 2015-03-01. Bier'sche Verlagsanstalt
Series: JapanArchiv; 5,3
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Abstract: カール・ペテル・ツンベルクの門弟のなか、師と同様に出島オランダ商館医として日本まで来られたのは、ヨハン・アルノルト・ストゥッツエル(1763–1821)のみだったが、日本滞在の詳細は殆ど不明であり、「東インド」における彼のその他の活動も部分的にしか報告されていない。本稿では東西の史料を踏まえながら、ストゥッツエルの生涯の全貌を追究するとともに、日本の医療に関する彼の観察を紹介することにする。ツンベルク及び兄弟子ホルンステットを手本に東方へ旅だったこの有望な若き医師兼・然科学者は、以前と大きく異なった状況や想定外の出来事によりその夢をあきらめざるを得なくなり、最後にイギリス東インド会社の医師として活躍することになった。また、来日したヨーロッパ人が入手した収集品は中央ヨーロッパの珍品コレクションに追加されながら、ストゥッツエルの品々はエカチェリーナ2世に寄贈され、サンクトペテルブルクの「クンストカメラ」に収蔵された。 Read more
8.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 江戸・明治初期の医療器具について — On Medical Instruments in the Edo- and Early Meiji Period
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang(Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: 「医工の絆」ハイブリッド医療人養成コースシンポジウム : ファン・デン・ブルックとモーニッケの生誕200年を記念して. pp. 33-43, 2014-12. Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
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9.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of The True Shape of Bones : On the Dawn of Anatomical Dissection in Early Modern Japan — 人骨の真形 : 日本における人体解剖の黎明期について
Michel, Wolfgang ; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang ; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング
Publication info: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on History of Indigenous Knowledge. pp. 37-44, 2014-10. Society for the History of Indigenous Knowledge
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Abstract: The history of anatomical dissections in early modern Japan has been recounted many times, usually beginning with Yamawaki Tōyō (1706–1762) who conducted the first Japanese autopsy in 1754. As Yamawaki, and all those curious physicians who followed his example, consulted European anatomy books, their dissections are unanimously considered to be a response to Western stimuli. This view is based on the assumption that anatomical research in Japanese traditional medicine had fallen into a stage of stagnation, lacking any impetus toward further progress. However, a closer look reveals that Japanese interest in anatomy had already been rekindled in the first half of the 18th century, when osteopathic pioneers and an ambitious ophthalmologist had begun to prefer their own observations over the mere study of classical texts, and even ventured out to have a look into the interior of human cadavers. This paper traces these activities and their indigenous history. Read more
10.
Other
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 九州地方の医学史 — History of Medicine in Kyushu
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu); Kobayashi, Akira; Satō, Hiroshi ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2014-05. Japanese Society for the History of Medicine, Fukuoka Chapter
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11.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 人物と交流Ⅲ(中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館 医家史料館叢書13) — Personalities and EncountersⅢ(Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore, Medical Archive Series No 13)
Yoshida, Yoichi; 大島, 明秀; 吉田, 洋一 ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2014-03-31. City of Nakatsu, Board of Education
Series: Nakatsu Municipal Museum of Histry and Folklore Mudical Archive series; 13
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Table of Contents:
Machiko HIRAO Tashiro Motonori and Takaki Kanehiro: Two doctors from Kyushu who introduced modern nursing in Meiji Japan // Akihide OSHIMA On the "Secret Book about medical treatment and dispensing medicines" kept by the physician family Tabuchi // Yoichi YOSHIDA The social world of the Murakami family as seen in an old hanging scroll // Mieko TOSHO Source materials related to the "Mihata Elementary Schools win Early Meiji Nakatsu // Eri NAKAMURA A The hanging scroll of Kamei Y0shu kept by the Murakami Medical Archive // Natsumi NARITOMI The book"Nozuchi" kept by the Karashima family // Wolfgang MICHEL The first Western map showing the place-name Nakatsu // ABSTRACTS // INDEX
Machiko HIRAO Tashiro Motonori and Takaki Kanehiro: Two doctors from Kyushu who introduced modern nursing in Meiji Japan // Akihide OSHIMA On the "Secret Book about medical treatment and dispensing medicines" kept by the physician family Tabuchi // Yoichi YOSHIDA The social world of the Murakami family as seen in an old hanging scroll // Mieko TOSHO Source materials related to the "Mihata Elementary Schools win Early Meiji Nakatsu // Eri NAKAMURA A The hanging scroll of Kamei Y0shu kept by the Murakami Medical Archive // Natsumi NARITOMI The book"Nozuchi" kept by the Karashima family // Wolfgang MICHEL The first Western map showing the place-name Nakatsu // ABSTRACTS // INDEX
12.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 近世日本医学における「越境」と「折衷」 — Bordercrossing and Eclecticism in Early Modern Japanese Medicine
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang ; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang
Publication info: 医は仁術. pp. 138-144, 2014-03-14. TBSテレビ
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13.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 九州帝國大學細菌学教室初代教授小川政修貴重コレクションリスト
丸山, マサ美; Michel, Wolfgang; 吉田, 眞一 ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2013-05. Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
Series: 平成23・24・25年度科学研究費補助金(萌芽研究)研究成果報告書; 23650563
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14.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 九州大学医学部標本・史料集 : 1997年調査
丸山, マサ美; Michel, Wolfgang; 吉田, 眞一 ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2013-05. 九州大学大学院医学研究院 — Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
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Abstract: 本資料は、九州大学医学部臨床研究棟5階:整形外科教室整形外科器物史料・整形外科資料室ノートなど(83点)、九州大学医学部基礎研究A棟2階:解剖模型(294点)および九州大学医学部基礎研究A棟1階:病理学肉眼標本室標本(1542点:1997年4月1日)、九州大学医学部基礎研究A棟1階:医学部資料集室(221点)を中心に整理された。平成17(2005)年、福岡県西方沖地震(マグニチュード7.0) により既に修復不可能となった破損標本(一部)を含む本資料集の標本コレクションは、時代を超えて、量的・質的評価において、学際的な『意味』と『価値』を持つ極めて優れた貴重なコレクションである。平成9年、九州大学言語文化研究院Wolfgang Michel教授による九州大学医学部基礎研究A棟における調査記録を中心に、史実として、その全てを掲載している。全ての史料の再現には、さまざまな見解がもたれたが、WolfgangMichel教授(現在、日本医史学会常任理事)と九州大学大学院医学研究院病理病態学居石克夫教授(当時)による往復書簡から、このような学際的な『意味』と『価値』を持つ標本・模型全てを再現・掲載する事は、学術的にも極めて重要な視点であると判断した。明治期・大正期・昭和期・各時代における『病理学』、『解剖学』、『整形外科』領域における史料は、各学問体系の系譜を概観する上で、また、時代における社会との関係性を考究する上でも『意味』を持ち、医史学の発展に資するものである。本資料が、今後さらなる医史学の教育・研究に役立つ事を願う。 Read more
15.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 史料と人物 V — 中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館 医家史料館叢書 12 — NAKATSU MUNICIPAL MUSEUM OF HISTORY AND FOLKLORE – MEDICAL ARCHIVE SERIES, No. 12 — Source Materials and Personalities V
Yoshida, Yōichi; Ōshima, Akihide; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2013-03-31. Nakatsu City, Board of Education
Series: 中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館 医家史料館叢書; 12
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Table of Contents:
ARTICLES : Yôichi YOSHIDA On Murakami Genshû's Manuscript "Verbatim Record of The Analects of Confucius" (1769) ...... 1-31 // Akihide ÔSHIMA Medical Concepts and Treatment Methods from the Manuscript "Master Untaku's Instructions on Dysentery" ...... 32-61 // Wolgang MICHEL On Ôe Okuji's Dômyaku Ichiranzu ("Synoptic Chart of Arteries") and its Background ...... 62-84 // Wolfgang MICHEL On the Book Shindan zusetsu ("Illustrated Physical Diagnosis") and Ôe Okuji's Manuscript Copy ...... 85-109 // SOURCE MATERIALS ...... 110-119 // CATALOGUE ...... Murakami Medical Archive. Part 4: Literature ...... 120-127 // English Abstracts ...... 128-134 // INDEX ...... 135-137 //
ARTICLES : Yôichi YOSHIDA On Murakami Genshû's Manuscript "Verbatim Record of The Analects of Confucius" (1769) ...... 1-31 // Akihide ÔSHIMA Medical Concepts and Treatment Methods from the Manuscript "Master Untaku's Instructions on Dysentery" ...... 32-61 // Wolgang MICHEL On Ôe Okuji's Dômyaku Ichiranzu ("Synoptic Chart of Arteries") and its Background ...... 62-84 // Wolfgang MICHEL On the Book Shindan zusetsu ("Illustrated Physical Diagnosis") and Ôe Okuji's Manuscript Copy ...... 85-109 // SOURCE MATERIALS ...... 110-119 // CATALOGUE ...... Murakami Medical Archive. Part 4: Literature ...... 120-127 // English Abstracts ...... 128-134 // INDEX ...... 135-137 //
16.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 大江億司写「動脈一覧図」とその背景について — On Ōe Okuji's Dōmyaku Ichiranzu (
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: 史料と人物. 5, pp. 62-85, 2013-03-27. Board of Education, City of Nakatsu
Series: 中津歴史民俗資料館 分館医家史料館資料叢書; 12
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17.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 吉松文治訳纂『診断図説』(明治十二年刊)と大江億司写「診断図説 図譜」について — On the Book Shindan zusetsu (
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング
Publication info: 史料と人物. 5, pp. 85-109, 2013-03-27. Board of Education, City of Nakatsu
Series: 中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館医家史料館叢書; 12
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18.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of Tradition and Innovation – Medical Instruments in Edo and Meiji Japan.
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on the History of Indigenous Knowledge (ISHIK 2012). 2012, pp. 61-67, 2012-10. Saga University, Center for Regional Culture and History
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Abstract: In 1870, the Meiji government decided to adopt German medicine as the base of the new national health-care system while starting to restrict traditional Sino-Japanese medicine. These policies not only deeply affected the education and activities of physicians throughout the country but also had a profound impact on the production and distribution of pharmaceuticals and medical instruments. Facing a shrinking market for traditional drugs, acupuncture needles, and surgical instruments, merchants such as Shirai Matsunosuke (Osaka) searched for ways to secure their place in the new medical system. While importing instruments from Western companies, they also employed swordsmiths, gunmakers, glassblowers, and other traditional craftsmen and managed to lay the foundation for independent national production. Initially, orders came only from domestic hospitals and physicians, but soon new markets were developed in China, Korea, India, and Hawaii, among other places. After only a few decades, products that had received medals in national industrial exhibitions were also recognized in universal expositions. Without these flexible and farsighted entrepreneurs and the technical skills accumulated by traditional craftsmen during the Edo period, the quick modernization of medicine in Meiji Japan would not have been possible. Read more
19.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 史料と人物 IV(中津歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館資料叢書 11) — Source Materials and Personalities IV (Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore, Medical Archive Series No 11)
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング; 吉田, 洋一; 大島, 明秀 ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2012-03-31. 中津市教育委員会 — Board of Education, City of Nakatsu
Series: 中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館医家史料館叢書; 11
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Table of Contents:
[大島明秀]「四元行火吸之論」と村上玄水の宇宙観,1-17/ [吉田洋一] 中津藩医に関する一考察 ー「御物頭一件始末覚書」を素材として ー, 18-41/ [W・ミヒェル] 屍骸を観る ー 根来東叔の「人身連骨眞形図」とその位置づけについ,42-89/ 村上医家史料館文書資料目録:第三部(漢籍), 90-99/ 英文要旨,100-104/ 索引,105-107
[大島明秀]「四元行火吸之論」と村上玄水の宇宙観,1-17/ [吉田洋一] 中津藩医に関する一考察 ー「御物頭一件始末覚書」を素材として ー, 18-41/ [W・ミヒェル] 屍骸を観る ー 根来東叔の「人身連骨眞形図」とその位置づけについ,42-89/ 村上医家史料館文書資料目録:第三部(漢籍), 90-99/ 英文要旨,100-104/ 索引,105-107
20.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 屍骸を観る : 根来東叔の「人身連骨眞形図」とその位置づけについて — Looking at Corpses : Negoro Tōshuku's
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング
Publication info: pp. 42-89, 2012-03. 中津市教育委員会
Series: 中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館医家史料館叢書
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Table of Contents:
一、根来医家について // 二、根来東叔及び東麟について // 三、「人身連骨真形図」の成立 // 四、根来東麟宅で「人身連骨真形図」に感銘を覚える三浦梅園 //五、現存の「人身連骨真形図」// 七、人骨の観察 // 世界初の法医学書『洗寃録』/ 一八世紀の整骨医による歴史的貢献/僧侶が見つめた屍骸 // 史料 : 人身連骨眞形圖
一、根来医家について // 二、根来東叔及び東麟について // 三、「人身連骨真形図」の成立 // 四、根来東麟宅で「人身連骨真形図」に感銘を覚える三浦梅園 //五、現存の「人身連骨真形図」// 七、人骨の観察 // 世界初の法医学書『洗寃録』/ 一八世紀の整骨医による歴史的貢献/僧侶が見つめた屍骸 // 史料 : 人身連骨眞形圖
21.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of Glimpses of medicine in early Japanese-German intercourse
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: pp. 72-94, 2011-12-26. International Medical Society of Japan (IMSJ)
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22.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 近世から近代へ : 初期日独交流における医学の諸相
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング
Publication info: pp. 6-28, 2011-12-26. 公益財団法人 日本国際医学協会
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23.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of Border Crossing and Intellectual Curiosity – On the Modernization of Japanese Medicine during the Edo Period — 越境と知的好奇心 ー 近代医学へ至る道
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: 2011-11-09. Nagasaki University
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Table of Contents:
Introductory Remarks // Early Beginnings // Economic Conditions // Physicians as Pioneers // The Dejima Trading Post // Nagasaki as the Cradle of “Dutch Studies” // Printing and Copying // Homo Ludens // Collectors and Collections // Language Studies // Educational Institutions //
Introductory Remarks // Early Beginnings // Economic Conditions // Physicians as Pioneers // The Dejima Trading Post // Nagasaki as the Cradle of “Dutch Studies” // Printing and Copying // Homo Ludens // Collectors and Collections // Language Studies // Educational Institutions //
24.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 16〜18世紀のヨーロッパへ伝わった日本の鍼灸 — Japanese Acupuncture and Moxibustion in 16-18th Century Europe
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング
Publication info: 全日本鍼灸学会雑誌. 61, (2), pp. 150 (42)-163 (55), 2011-05-01. 全日本鍼灸学会
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Table of Contents:
近世東西交流における医学// 情報発信地としての「鎖国日本」// 和漢医学に関心を寄せる南蛮人 // 日欧医師の継続的交流を可能にしたオランダ商館の移転 // 足痛風の治療薬としての「Moxa」// 鍼の西漸 // 分れる評価
近世東西交流における医学// 情報発信地としての「鎖国日本」// 和漢医学に関心を寄せる南蛮人 // 日欧医師の継続的交流を可能にしたオランダ商館の移転 // 足痛風の治療薬としての「Moxa」// 鍼の西漸 // 分れる評価
25.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 平田長太夫の阿蘭陀流外科修業証書とその背景について — On the
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu) ; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング
Publication info: (11), pp. 1-38, 2011-03. Board of Education, City of Nakatsu
Series: 中津歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館資料叢書 10; 11
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Abstract: After the birth of the so-called ‘redhead-style external medicine’ (kômôryû geka) during the 1650s, a growing interest among Japanese physicians and feudal lords in Western drugs, herbs, instruments and treatment methods can be observed. As Western texts and terminology had not yet become accessible even to Japanese interpreters, the instructions and demonstrations given in the Dutch trading post at Dejima played a key role in conveying European knowledge to Japan. For about three decades, certificates issued by the surgeons of the Dutch East India Company turned out to be useful when pursuing a career as a ‘redhead-style physician’. This social breakthrough goes back to 1657, when Hatano Gentô, who was leaving for Edo, asked for a certificate to prove that he had been educated by a Dutch surgeon. Especially during the latter half of the 1660s, several such certificates were issued, but only a few have survived. Based on extensive investigations of Dutch and Japanese source materials, twelve licenses have been identified. Year Physician Source 1658 Hatano Gentô diary of the Dejima trading post 1665 Handa (Arashiyama) Hoan preserved original license 1665 Asaeda Kibyôe description of the license in Japanese primary sources 1666 Hirata Chôdayû Japanese manuscript copy (1717) 1667 “physician of the lord of Chikugo” diary of the Dejima trading post 1668 Seo Shôtaku preserved original license 1668 Nishi Kichibyôe (Genpo) photograph of the original license from 1914 1668 Ôtaguro Gentan preserved original license 1673 “physician of the lord of Chikugo” diary of the Dejima trading post 1674 “physician of the lord of Chikugo” diary of the Dejima trading post 1675 Etô Kôan Japanese manuscript copy (Edo period, in part only) 1685 Hara Sanshin preserved original license These licenses, as well as newly found additional materials, provide valuable information about the circumstances under which medical instructions were imparted, as well as their contents. The most prominent among a number of new discoveries is a complete, handwritten copy of a license granted to Hirata Chôdayû in 1666 by the surgeons Arnold Dirckz. and Cornelis de Laver and confirmed by the vice-chief of the trading post on Dejima, Nicolaes de Roij, and his assistant Louis Rondel. The copy was made in 1717 by Chôdayû’s son Hirata Dôba, a physician of Lord Ogasawara in Nakatsu, and handed over to his former disciple, Karashima Shôan. During that same year, the domain was handed over to Lord Okudaira. Formal pledges to the Nagasaki Commissioner (Nagasaki bugyô), genealogies and entries in diaries show a close interaction between feudal lords and physicians in order to absorb and spread Western external medicine during these early decades. Obviously, Western medicine entered Japan from the top of the social pyramid. In 1673, the central government appointed Nishi Genpo, a veteran interpreter who had received an extraordinarily detailed and euphemistic surgical certificate in 1668, as Portuguese interpreter and Western-style surgeon at the court in Edo. This was the most high-ranking acknowledgement of the new “Dutch-style” medicine. Gradually, the interest in licenses from Dutch trading post surgeons faded away while physicians in all regions of the archipelago started to grant certificates to qualified pupils in their own right. Read more
26.
Other
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 史料と人物 III(中津歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館資料叢書 10) — Source Materials and Personalities III (Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore, Medical Archive Series No 10)
Michel, Wolfgang; Yoshida, Yoichi; Oshima, Akihide ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2011-03. Board of Education, City of Nakatsu
Series: 中津歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館資料叢書; 10
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Table of Contents:
「平田長太夫の阿蘭陀流外科修業証書とその背景について」 ヴォルフガング・ミヒェル (1-38)// 「村上玄水著「天地分體論」草稿について」大島明秀(39-51)//「文政年間における大江家周辺の事績」吉田洋一(52-87)// 「中津の辛島医家に伝えた池田流痘瘡唇舌鑑図」細田冨多(88-106)//
「平田長太夫の阿蘭陀流外科修業証書とその背景について」 ヴォルフガング・ミヒェル (1-38)// 「村上玄水著「天地分體論」草稿について」大島明秀(39-51)//「文政年間における大江家周辺の事績」吉田洋一(52-87)// 「中津の辛島医家に伝えた池田流痘瘡唇舌鑑図」細田冨多(88-106)//
27.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of Japanese Acupuncture and Moxibustion in Europe from the 16th to 18th Centuries
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: Japanese Acupuncture and Moxibustion. 2011, (1), pp. 1-11, 2011. The Japan Society of Acupuncture and Moxibustion (JSAM)
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Table of Contents:
I. Medicine in Early Modern Interactions between East and West // II. A ‘Secluded Country’ as a Source of Information // III. ‘Southern Barbarians’ and Sino-Japanese Medicine // IV. The Relocation of the Dutch Trading Post and the Beginning of Continuous Interactions between Japanese and European Physicians // V. ‘Moxa’ as a Remedy against Podagra // VI. On the Transmission of Acupuncture to the West // VII. Controversy about the Evaluation //
I. Medicine in Early Modern Interactions between East and West // II. A ‘Secluded Country’ as a Source of Information // III. ‘Southern Barbarians’ and Sino-Japanese Medicine // IV. The Relocation of the Dutch Trading Post and the Beginning of Continuous Interactions between Japanese and European Physicians // V. ‘Moxa’ as a Remedy against Podagra // VI. On the Transmission of Acupuncture to the West // VII. Controversy about the Evaluation //
28.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 点描:近世ヨーロッパに伝えられた日本の鍼灸 — Japanese Acupuncture and Moxibustion in Early Modern Europe
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: 全日本鍼灸学会雑誌. 61, (1), pp. 10-11, 2011-01. Japan Society of Acupuncture and Moxibustion
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29.
Other
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 機関リポジトリの活用
Michel, Wolfgang ; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング
Publication info: DRF/ShaRe-Kyushu. 2010-12-22.
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30.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of Johann Caspar Scheuchzer (1702-1729) und die Herausgabe der History of Japan — Johann Caspar Scheuchzer (1702-1729) and the Publication of the History of Japan
Michel, Wolfgang ; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang
Publication info: Asiatische Studien / Études Asiatiques. 64, (1), pp. 101-137, 2010-05. Schweizerische Asiengesellschaft / Verlag Peter Lang
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Table of Contents:
Vorbemerkung // Ein kurzes Leben // Mangel an aktueller Information über Japan // Kaempfers Japanforschung und Nachlass // Aufarbeitung der Japanliteratur // Scheuchzers Umgang mit Kaempfers Text // Bilder einer fremden Welt // Scheuchzers Beitrag zur Kartographie Japans // Scheuchzers Verdienste um Kaempfers Erbe // Bibliographie //
Vorbemerkung // Ein kurzes Leben // Mangel an aktueller Information über Japan // Kaempfers Japanforschung und Nachlass // Aufarbeitung der Japanliteratur // Scheuchzers Umgang mit Kaempfers Text // Bilder einer fremden Welt // Scheuchzers Beitrag zur Kartographie Japans // Scheuchzers Verdienste um Kaempfers Erbe // Bibliographie //
31.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of Medizin, Heilmittel und Pflanzenkunde im euro-japanischen Kulturaustausch des 17. Jahrhunderts — 17世紀の日欧文化交流における医学、医薬品及び植物学
Michel, Wolfgang ; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang
Publication info: Hōrin - Vergleichende Studien zur japanischen Kultur. 16, pp. 19-34, 2010-05. EKO Haus der Japanischen Kultur, Düsseldorf
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Abstract: This study presents a detailed analysis of the introduction of Western medicine into 17th century Japan and its impact on allied sciences, especially botany.
32.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of Der Ost-Indischen und angrenzenden Königreiche vornehmste Seltenheiten betreffende kurze Erläuterung : Neue Funde zum Leben und Werk des Leipziger Chirurgen und Handelsmanns Caspar Schamberger (1623-1706) — 東インドと隣接諸王国における珍奇なものに関する略説」 ー ライプツィッヒの外科医兼商人カスパル・シャムベルゲルの生涯と業績に関する新発見  ー 
Michel, Wolfgang ; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang
Publication info: Der Ost-Indischen und angrenzenden Königreiche, vornehmste Seltenheiten betreffende kurze Erläuterung : Neue Funde zum Leben und Werk des Leipziger Chirurgen und Handelsmanns Caspar Schamberger (1623-1706).. 2010-03. Faculty of Languages and Cultures
Series: The Faculty of Languages and Cultures Library; 1
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Abstract: This book presents a newly discovered text of which only one copy has survived in the Dresden State Art Collections (Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, Münzkabinett). It was dedicated to the Duke of Saxony Johann Georg III. and published in 1686 as a private print under the title "Short explanation of the most prominent rarities in East India and the neighbouring kingdoms". The author Caspar Schamberger (1623-1706) had worked in Asia for twelve years as a surgeon on VOC ships and in Dutch trading posts. He is known as the "father" of the first fully-fledged Western-style medical school in Japan. His text describes fruits, plants, animals, ethnic groups, coins etc. from Persia to Japan including the Khoikhoi (Khoisan) in Southern Africa. This is one of the earliest Western accounts of these matters based on observations made during the late 1640s and 1650s. The extensive commentary (126 pages) gives an outline of Schamberger's life presenting numerous new information on his activities after his return to Leipzig in 1658. Schamberger's descriptions are analysed in detail within the context of similar accounts of nine contemporary German travellers: Caspar Schmalkalden, Zacharias Wagener, Heinrich Muche, Johann Wilhelm Vogel, Elias Hesse, Albrecht Herport, George Meister, Andreas Cleyer, Engelbert Kaempfer. Forty-six illustrations selected from Western and Japanese sources proviede the iconographic background. Read more
33.
Other
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 人物と交流 II  (中津市歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館叢書 9) — Personalities and Encounters II (Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore, Medical Archive Series No 9)
Yoshida, Yôichi; Michel, Wolfgang; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2010-03. Board of Education, Nakatsu City
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Abstract: Research on Edo period medicine and physicians in the domain of Nakatsu (Western Kyushu).
34.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of “PAISAJES INTERIORES”- LA RECEPCIÓN EN JAPÓN DE LAS CONCEPCIONES OCCIDENTALES DEL CUERPO
Michel, Wolfgang (Michel-Zaitsu)
Publication info: pp. 107-132, 2010. Taller de Antropología Social de La Ortiga
Series: La Ortiga
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35.
Other
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 久保記念館:日本初の医学博物館 — The Kubo-Memorial-Building: Japan's First Museum for the History of Medicine
Michel, Wolfgang ; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang
Publication info: 2009-05-01. Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
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36.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 史料と人物 II(中津歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館資料叢書 8) — Source Material and Personalities II (Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore, Medical Archive Series No 8)
Michel, Wolfgang; Yoshida, Yoichi; Oshima, Akihide ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2009-03. Board of Education, City of Nakatsu
Series: 中津歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館資料叢書 8; 8
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Table of Contents:
Wolfgang MICHEL, Yoichi YOSHIDA, Akihide OSHIMA: Genealogical Table of the Yakata Family in Yabakei (Nakatsu) 1-10 // Yoichi YOSHIDA: On the Medical Prescriptions of Regional Physicians in the Late Edo Period 11-70 // Akihide OSHIMA: Gensui Murakami's "Treatise on the Division of Heaven and Earth" (Tenchi Buntai-ron) and it's Background 71-95 // Tomita HOSODA: Gensui Murakami's "Collection of Surgical Prescriptions" (Gairyô Shûkenhô) 96-116 // Wolfgang MICHEL: On Gensui Murakami's "Collection of Surgical Prescriptions" (Gairyô Shûkenhô) 117-128 // Tomita HOSODA: Catalogue of the Murakami Medical Archive: Part 1 (Medicine) 129-147 //
Wolfgang MICHEL, Yoichi YOSHIDA, Akihide OSHIMA: Genealogical Table of the Yakata Family in Yabakei (Nakatsu) 1-10 // Yoichi YOSHIDA: On the Medical Prescriptions of Regional Physicians in the Late Edo Period 11-70 // Akihide OSHIMA: Gensui Murakami's "Treatise on the Division of Heaven and Earth" (Tenchi Buntai-ron) and it's Background 71-95 // Tomita HOSODA: Gensui Murakami's "Collection of Surgical Prescriptions" (Gairyô Shûkenhô) 96-116 // Wolfgang MICHEL: On Gensui Murakami's "Collection of Surgical Prescriptions" (Gairyô Shûkenhô) 117-128 // Tomita HOSODA: Catalogue of the Murakami Medical Archive: Part 1 (Medicine) 129-147 //
37.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 史料と人物 I (中津市歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館叢書 7) — Source Material and Personalities I (Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore - Medical Archive Series No 7)
Michel, Wolfgang; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang; Tomida, Shuji ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2008-03-27. Board of Education, City of Nakatsu — Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore
Series: 中津市歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館叢書 7
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Table of Contents:
Shûji TOMIDA: On the Yakata-Family Materials (Yabakei, City of Nakatsu). // Akihide OSHIMA: The Yakata-Family and Kuranari Ryûsho // Yôichi YOSHIDA: Medical Treatment in the Yabakei Area During the Meiji Period. // Makoto HOSHINA: The Manuscript Shigoto zakkiroku ("Work Miscellanea") of Oe Genmei. // Shinya KOGA: On Two Matteo Ricci-Style Maps kept by the Murakami Medical Archive. // Tomita HOSODA: The Medical Manuscripts Rokusô Gensui i-an (Medical Proposals by Gensui) and Kaku-shi shôji (Diagnosis and Treatment of Mr. Kaku) Written by Murakami Gensui. //
Shûji TOMIDA: On the Yakata-Family Materials (Yabakei, City of Nakatsu). // Akihide OSHIMA: The Yakata-Family and Kuranari Ryûsho // Yôichi YOSHIDA: Medical Treatment in the Yabakei Area During the Meiji Period. // Makoto HOSHINA: The Manuscript Shigoto zakkiroku ("Work Miscellanea") of Oe Genmei. // Shinya KOGA: On Two Matteo Ricci-Style Maps kept by the Murakami Medical Archive. // Tomita HOSODA: The Medical Manuscripts Rokusô Gensui i-an (Medical Proposals by Gensui) and Kaku-shi shôji (Diagnosis and Treatment of Mr. Kaku) Written by Murakami Gensui. //
38.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 慶安三、四年の日本における出島商館医シャムベルゲルの活動及び初期カスパル流外科について — On Caspar Schamberger's Activities in Japan (1650/51) and Early Caspar-Style Surgery
Michel, Wolfgang
Publication info: Languages and Cultures Series. 18, 2008-03-19. Faculty of Languages and Cultures, Kyushu University
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Abstract: 序文:   カスパル・シャムベルゲル(Caspar Schamberger, 1623-1706)は、いわゆる「カスパル流外科の父」として日本の医学史上最も重要な人物の一人である。カスパル流外科はキリスト教の世紀にイベリア半島の宣教師によってもたらされた「南蛮流外科」に続く「紅毛流外科」の最初の流派であり、その伝習は19世紀の開国にいたるまで確認できる。1649年から1651年まで日本に滞在し、オランダ東インド会社に勤務していたカスパルは、自分が後世に与えた影響を決して知ることはなかった。出島商館の業務日誌やその他の文書は、彼のような外科医の活動について所々で触れてはいても、たいていは単に「chirurgijn」とだけ記されている。本来なら彼の名は世に知られることはなかっただろう。しかし1649年、特使アンドリース・フリーセ(Andries Friese / Frisius )とともに江戸へ行き、徳川家光の謁見を待っている時、思いがけないことが起こる。シャムベルゲルと使節団の仲間3人は、使節団が長崎へ戻ることになっても、しばらく江戸に留まるよう幕府側から要請された。こうして彼は合計約10ヶ月、通常は閉鎖的な国の政治的中心地に滞在し、病人の治療や日本人医師の指導にあたった。彼は多大な報酬を得て長崎へ戻り、出島商館長の次の江戸参府にも参加した。そして1651年秋には日本を離れている。 様々な動きと要素が重なり、シャムベルゲルは幕府の関係者の注目するところとなった。彼によって引き起こされた西洋医術に対する関心は、その後も衰えることはなく、継続的な日蘭医学交流へと発展し、薬学、本草学、植物学などの関連分野にも広がるようになった。常に現場に立ち会っていた出島商館の阿蘭陀通詞たちも、商談とは大きく異なるやりとりに強い影響を受け、オランダ語の学習のみならず西洋を見る目も次第に変わり、やがて通詞出身の学者が登場するようになった。杉田玄白は回想録『蘭学事始』で「紅毛カスハル」に言及しているが、江戸蘭学への偏り及び情報不足のためか、彼はカスパルの役割をあまり認識していなかった。 「又古来「カスパル」流といふ外科あり。これは寛永二十年、南部山田浦へ漂流ありし阿蘭陀船の人数の内、江戸へ召し呼ばれたる中に、「カスパル」某といふ外科あり。三四年留置れ、その療法を学せられし者もありしが、追々長崎へ御送りのよし。江戸並に長崎にても、正保の頃、此「カスパル」より伝来の療法ありしを、詳らかなる事を不知ども、後に「カスパル」流と唱ふる事と申事に哉。又別に「カスパル」姓の外科渡来のこともありしか。」 今日の豊富な史料を踏まえながら江戸期全体の流れを見つめると、シャムベルゲルは蘭学の種を蒔いた人物であるとの位置づけにいたる。 1980年代末頃、南部ドイツのクリストフ・アルノルトが1672年に発表した『三大王国、日本、シャム、朝鮮』という本の注釈の中で、それまで不明だったシャムベルゲルの出生地及び帰国後の様子を示す記述を発見した筆者は、日本医史学会の蒲原宏氏、酒井シヅ氏、故宗田一氏、故中西啓氏、故鹿子木敏範氏などが寄せて下さった強い関心に刺激され、東西両洋におけるシャムベルゲルの活動を追究する決心をした。その成果は一連の論文及びドイツで出版された本として発表することができたが、その後江戸時代全般にわたる調査により、紅毛流外科の原点であるシャムベルゲルの教えを資料的に、より詳細に裏付けることが可能になってきた。本冊子では、ヨーロッパでの各種出来事、カスパル以降の日本における動きや紅毛流外科の発展などを除外し、慶安3・4年におけるシャムベルゲルの活動とその関連史料に的をしぼることにする。 医薬学関連の17世紀の文書の多くは、後世により写された形でしか伝わっていない。書写者が文章の一部を省いたり、別の資料を追加したりすることは決して珍しくない。史料名も様々であり、『国書総目録』に集録されているものはごく一部に過ぎないので、数多くの写本を見ることが不可欠である。それにしても、一つの文書の本来の姿を再構築するのは困難を極め、大まかな姿しか描写しかできない場合もある。 シャムベルゲルの日本滞在中、猪股伝兵衛などの通詞が作成した報告は例外ではない。当時の姿を明白に示しているのは、現存史料のほんの一部である。その中でとりわけ「阿蘭陀外科医方秘伝」は重要であり、その他の写本群を整理する鍵にもなる。この史料の発見者宗田一氏のお陰で所有者の佐藤文比古氏からコピー及び利用の許可をいただき、宗田氏が1980年に発表した先駆的な論文「カスパルの江戸での伝習について — 阿蘭陀外科医方秘伝の紹介」をもとに、蘭文史料と和文史料と照らし合わせながらさらなる分析成果を発表したが、文章の紹介は常に断片的な引用に過ぎなかった。その後、佐藤氏も宗田氏もこの世を去り、「阿蘭陀外科医方秘伝」の原本も、宗田氏蔵の写しも行方不明となり、現存するのは筆者のコピーのみとなった。本冊子のページ数には多少の余裕を与えられたので、今後の研究に役立つようにとの願いを込め、「阿蘭陀外科医方秘伝」全文及びその他の貴重な史料を掲載することにした。 Read more
39.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 吉雄元吉 : 忘れられた蘭学者の生涯と著作について — Yoshio Genkitsu : Life and Works of a Forgotten Scholar of
Michel, Wolfgang
Publication info: Studies in Languages and Cultures. 23, pp. 89-109, 2008-02-23. Kyushu University, Faculty of Languages and Cultures
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Abstract: Yoshio Genkitsu practiced and taught medicine for at least two decades with great success. In a diary entry dated March 1790, Sugita Gempaku refers to him as “Shian-sensei”, indicating an equal footing between these two scholars of “Dutch Studies” (rangaku). Nevertheless, little is known about Yoshio Genkitsu, alias Shian, who settled in Kyoto around 1799 and started one of the earliest private “Dutch Studies” schools in the Kinki region. Since Ôtsuki Joden included Yoshio in his “Chronological Table of Western Studies” (Nihon Yôgaku nenpyô) in 1877, only a few minor discoveries have been reported. Based on sources listed by Ôtsuki and “The History of Medicine in Kyoto” (Kyôto igaku-shi, 1980), as well as manuscripts recently discovered by the author, this study aims at a more detailed and comprehensive description of Yoshio's teachings and writings. The name of Yoshio's school, Rikugadô, taken from a classical poem in the “Book of Odes“ (Shijing, Liao e) that laments parents left behind far away, as well as an example of a medical treatment given in his manuscript “Surgical Tradition of the Rikuga-Hall” (Rikugadô geka densho), suggest that he was born in Kyushu. Family ties to Yoshio Kôgyû, the renowned pioneer of “Dutch Studies” in Nagasaki, however, cannot be verified. Yoshio Genkitsu taught Dutch reading and writing using a copy of a manuscript written in 1785 by Maeno Ryôtaku, who was instrumental in the epoch-making translation of Kulmus's “Anatomical Tables” and might well have been his language teacher. At an early stage of his career, Yoshio also received instruction from an unidentified European surgeon at the Dutch trading post at Dejima. By 1822, he had become famous enough to be included in Kyoto's Who's Who, “Heian Personalities” (Heian Jimbutsu shi). As was customary in many private schools at that time, Yoshio's teachings were recorded by his students, six of whom left their names in related manuscripts. These writings show that he was not at all a blind adherent to Western ideas. The occasional use of a Chinese alias (Teibi) and manuscript titles such as “Medical Words from Shrike Tongues” (Gekizetsu iden) show his profound classical education, as well as a certain dislike for Dutch sounds. Nevertheless, he taught language using Maeno's “Translation Aids” (Oranda yakusen), an outstanding manuscript compiled on the basis of Dutch teaching materials such as Barend Hakvoord's “Opregt onderwys in de letter-konst” and Willem Bartjens' “De vernieuwe cyfferinge”. Here we find Maeno's unique translation technique developed for Dutch texts, a short glossary, basic Dutch expressions, and several types of letters, ligatures, and other useful information. Among the extant medical manuscripts, “The Book on Anomalies” (Seiheki kôhen) is an ambitious and historically very early attempt to understand Western humoral pathology. The use of Dutch terms such as “zeymig vocht” (viscid humidity), “zuuren der vogt” (acidity of humidity) , and “alcalinius” (alkali) points to a modernized version containing the iatrochemical concepts of Franciscus Sylvius and Herman Boerhaave. Yoshio's surgery begins with the treatment of “swellings” (ulcers, fistulas, abscesses, tumors, etc.) combining Chinese nomenclature with Western treatment methods. “Surgical Tradition of the Rikuga-Hall” (Rikugadô geka densho) presents dozens of Western pharmaceuticals such as Aqua Mercurialis, Tinctura Myhrrae, Mel Rosarum, Theriaca, Emplastrum Diapalmae, Salpeter, Petra Cananor, and Sal Ammoniacis. The scope of their application exceeds the established usage of plasters and ointments for “swellings” and wounds. Yoshio uses Sal Ammoniacis, for example, with success in more than 100 cases of epileptic seizures. Before starting surgical treatment, he demands careful preparation of the necessary medicaments and instruments (scissors, knives, needles, cauter irons, syringes, etc.), and even describes in detail an operation on cheilognathopalatoschisis. Several of Yoshio's handwritten texts dealing with oils, plasters, ointments, tinctures, and syrups are translated excerpts from European books. The most advanced manuscript, “Excerpts on Liquid Medicines from the Far West” (Ensei kisui bassui), gives the name of each medicament in Latin, and describes its production and usage. Yoshio talks about his own experiences, discusses Japanese substitutes, and accepts or refutes given usages of medicaments. In the case of Mel Rosarum (rose honey), he even makes a blunt attack on the revered Yoshio Kôgyû. Rooted deeply in the world of Chinese classics while studying Western medicine from an independent perspective, combining tradition, observation, and experience without much respect for great names, Yoshio Genkitsu must have been a somewhat difficult character. Perhaps this is why we do not find more traces of interactions with his colleagues in “Dutch Studies”, where he deserves a much more prominent place. Read more
40.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of Medicine and Allied Sciences in the Cultural Exchange between Japan and Europe in the Seventeenth Century — ヴォルフガング ミヒェル:17世紀の日欧交流における医学、薬学、本草学
Michel, Wolfgang ; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang
Publication info: 2008. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht Unipress
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Table of Contents:
Blind Spots // Faint Traces of 'Southern-Barbarian-Style Surgery' // The Rise of 'Read-Head-Style Surgery' // Growing Needs for New Medicaments // An Official Request // Godefried Haeck, First Western Pharmacist in Japan // Franz Braun's Distillation at Dejima // Fading Interest at the Court in Edo // Growing Dutch Interest in Japanese Plants // Some Implications //
Blind Spots // Faint Traces of 'Southern-Barbarian-Style Surgery' // The Rise of 'Read-Head-Style Surgery' // Growing Needs for New Medicaments // An Official Request // Godefried Haeck, First Western Pharmacist in Japan // Franz Braun's Distillation at Dejima // Fading Interest at the Court in Edo // Growing Dutch Interest in Japanese Plants // Some Implications //
41.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 『哺乳動物心臓の刺激伝導系』のドイツ語原稿とその背景について — On the German Manuscript of S. Tawara's
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング
Publication info: 田原通信. (3), pp. 45-49, 2007-12. NPO法人『ペースメーカーの父・田原淳の会』
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Table of Contents:
1. マールブルク大学での研究の流れ, 2. 田原淳とルドウィッヒ・アショフとの関係について, 3.『哺乳類動物心刺激伝導系』の原稿とその出版について
1. マールブルク大学での研究の流れ, 2. 田原淳とルドウィッヒ・アショフとの関係について, 3.『哺乳類動物心刺激伝導系』の原稿とその出版について
42.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of ヨーロッパ人から見た17世紀の日本 — 17th Century Japan seen through European Eyes
Michel, Wolfgang ; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang
Publication info: 海外交流と小城の洋学 : 小城鍋島藩にみる. pp. 41-46, 2007-10-13. The Center for Regional Culture and History, Saga University
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Table of Contents:
南蛮人の遺産 ・  対外関係の再編 ・  紅毛人の体験 ・  学術交流の始まり ・  総まとめを試みるエンゲルベルト・ケンペル
南蛮人の遺産 ・  対外関係の再編 ・  紅毛人の体験 ・  学術交流の始まり ・  総まとめを試みるエンゲルベルト・ケンペル
43.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 東西の古医書に見られる病と治療 : 附属図書館の貴重書コレクションより — Special Exhibition : Disease and Treatment as Seen in Old Eastern and Western Medical Books
九州大学附属図書館; Kyushu University Library; Michel, Wolfgang ... [et al.]
Publication info: Library Exhibition. 2007-05-10. Kyushu University Library
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44.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 中津藩医大江春塘について — On Ōe Shuntō, Physician of the Nakatsu Clan
Michel, Wolfgang
Publication info: 中津市歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館資料叢書. 6, pp. 58-77, 2007-03. 中津市教育委員会 — 中津市歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館
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45.
Article
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Cover image of シーボルト記念館所蔵の「阿蘭陀草花鏡図」とその背景について — On the Manuscript
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング
Publication info: シーボルト記念館鳴滝紀要. (17), pp. 9-38, 2007-03. Siebold Memorial Museum
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Abstract: On the "llustrated Mirror of Dutch Plants" and its Background. In 1667 the Japanese government turned its attention to the cultivation of imported plants as well as the investigation of local botanical resources and the destillation of pharmaceutical oils. The Dutch East India Company was requested to provide with plants, seeds and had to send an experienced specialist to Japan. The scroll "Illustrated Mirror of Dutch Plants" (28 x 1337cm, 81 illustrations, dated 1679) is the only Japanese source showing the name of Frans Braun, the second of two pharmacists dispatched to Nagasaki. An analysis of Dutch and Japanese sources revealed that this scroll goes back to reports on field work conducted by Braun and his predecessor Gottfried Haeck in the vicinity of Nagasaki during the late 1660s and early 1670s. Obviously the Japanese, while using Chinese books for their description of plants, had already become aware of the specific properties of their own flora. Thus the emancipaction of Japanese botany from its Chinese model began much earlier than presumed by previous researchers. Read more
46.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 『村上医家史料館蔵の薬箱及びランビキについて』 彩色改訂版 (中津市歴史民俗資料館 分館村上医家史料館資料叢書 4) — On the Medicinal Box and the ranbiki Distillation Apparatus Kept by the Murakami Archive, City of Nakatsu. 2nd edition (revised color edition)
Nakamura, Teruko; 中村, 輝子; Endo, Teruko ... [et al.]
Publication info: 中津市歴史民俗資料館村上医家史料館資料叢書. 4, pp. 1-79, 2007-02. Education Board, City of Nakatsu
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Table of Contents:
1.村上家について 2-3 2.村上家の薬箱の概容 4-6 # 薬箱の外観 # 薬箱の中の薬袋の数と大きさ # 薬袋の性状 # 薬袋に記された一字薬名 # 薬袋に記されたアルファベット 3.薬袋の中の薬物の同定 6-52 # 一字薬名の同定 # 薬箱の1段目(a)に収納されていた薬物 # 薬箱の2段目(d)に収納されていた薬物 # 薬箱の3段目(c)に収納されていた薬物 # 薬箱の4段目(D)に収納されていた薬物 # 薬箱の5段目に収納されていた薬物 4.村上家の薬箱の特徴 53-59 # 薬箱の中の蘭方薬 # 薬箱の中の和漢薬 # 村上家の薬箱の位置づけ 5.村上家の一字薬名の検討 62-68 # 一字薬名についての概説 # 一字薬名薬箱の一字薬名の検討 6.村上医家史料館のランビキについて 70-78 # 日本におけるランビキの歴史的背景 # ランビキの特徴 # 村上医家史料館のランビキと焜炉 # 村上玄水のランビキ図
1.村上家について 2-3 2.村上家の薬箱の概容 4-6 # 薬箱の外観 # 薬箱の中の薬袋の数と大きさ # 薬袋の性状 # 薬袋に記された一字薬名 # 薬袋に記されたアルファベット 3.薬袋の中の薬物の同定 6-52 # 一字薬名の同定 # 薬箱の1段目(a)に収納されていた薬物 # 薬箱の2段目(d)に収納されていた薬物 # 薬箱の3段目(c)に収納されていた薬物 # 薬箱の4段目(D)に収納されていた薬物 # 薬箱の5段目に収納されていた薬物 4.村上家の薬箱の特徴 53-59 # 薬箱の中の蘭方薬 # 薬箱の中の和漢薬 # 村上家の薬箱の位置づけ 5.村上家の一字薬名の検討 62-68 # 一字薬名についての概説 # 一字薬名薬箱の一字薬名の検討 6.村上医家史料館のランビキについて 70-78 # 日本におけるランビキの歴史的背景 # ランビキの特徴 # 村上医家史料館のランビキと焜炉 # 村上玄水のランビキ図
47.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 器物と文物の宝庫 : 世界の誇る久保記念館
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング ; Michel, Wolfgang
Publication info: 四三会誌. (84), pp. 26-44, 2006-11-30.
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Table of Contents:
久保記念館への接近 久保記念館の収蔵品について 久保猪之吉先生について 今後の課題について
久保記念館への接近 久保記念館の収蔵品について 久保猪之吉先生について 今後の課題について
48.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 「貴重古医書コレクションの点描」
Michel, Wolfgang; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang; 大島, 明秀 ... [et al.]
Publication info: Kyushu University Library, Research and Development Division Annual Report. 2005/2006, pp. 30-35, 2006-06-01. Kyushu University Library, Research and Development Division
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49.
Article
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 医学分館所蔵の出島版ポンペ著書について — Pompe's book in Djima edition kept by Kyushu University Medical Library
大島, 明秀 ; Oshima, Akihide
Publication info: Kyushu University Library, Research and Development Division Annual Report. 2006, pp. 33-35, 2006-06-01. 九州大学附属図書館研究開発室
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Abstract: いわゆる「出島版」について概観しながら、九州大学医学分館に所蔵されているポンペの著書の書誌を提示し、解説を付した。
50.
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Cover image of 中津市歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館叢書  6 — Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore - Medical Archive Series, No 6
Michel, Wolfgang; ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング; Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang ... [et al.]
Publication info: 2006-03-27. Nakatsu Municipal Museum for History and Folklore
Series: 中津市歴史民俗資料館分館医家史料館叢書; 6
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Table of Contents:
大島明秀 「村上玄水写「六祖玄水屈伸録」とその背景 - 写本「老野子」との関連性を中心に」 1~24 吉田洋一 「村上玄秀の事蹟について — 備忘史料を中心に」 25~57 W・ミヒェル 「中津藩医大江春塘について」58~77 細田冨多 「大江医家史料館の文書史料より(一)」 78~90 吉田洋一 「江戸時代の地方医療 — 村上玄秀関連史料の事例より」 91~92
Akihide OSHIMA: On Murakami Gensui's Manuscript "Rikusho Gensui Kusshinroku" and its Background. Yoichi YOSHIDA: On the Achievements of Murakami Genshu. Wolfgang MICHEL: On Oe Shunto, Physician to the Nakatsu Clan. Tomita HOSODA: Source Material from the OE MEDICAL ARCHIVE (1). Yoichi YOSHIDA: Provincial Medical Treatment in the Edo-Period(Researchnote).
大島明秀 「村上玄水写「六祖玄水屈伸録」とその背景 - 写本「老野子」との関連性を中心に」 1~24 吉田洋一 「村上玄秀の事蹟について — 備忘史料を中心に」 25~57 W・ミヒェル 「中津藩医大江春塘について」58~77 細田冨多 「大江医家史料館の文書史料より(一)」 78~90 吉田洋一 「江戸時代の地方医療 — 村上玄秀関連史料の事例より」 91~92
Akihide OSHIMA: On Murakami Gensui's Manuscript "Rikusho Gensui Kusshinroku" and its Background. Yoichi YOSHIDA: On the Achievements of Murakami Genshu. Wolfgang MICHEL: On Oe Shunto, Physician to the Nakatsu Clan. Tomita HOSODA: Source Material from the OE MEDICAL ARCHIVE (1). Yoichi YOSHIDA: Provincial Medical Treatment in the Edo-Period(Researchnote).

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