The True Shape of Bones : On the Dawn of Anatomical Dissection in Early Modern Japan

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The True Shape of Bones : On the Dawn of Anatomical Dissection in Early Modern Japan

Format:
Book
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Title(Other Language):
人骨の真形 : 日本における人体解剖の黎明期について
Responsibility:
Michel, Wolfgang(Kyushu University : Professor Emeritus)
Michel-Zaitsu, Wolfgang(Kyushu University : Professor Emeritus)
ミヒェル, ヴォルフガング(九州大学 : 名誉教授)
Language:
English
Publication info:
Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on History of Indigenous Knowledge. pp. 37-44, 2014-10. Society for the History of Indigenous Knowledge
Version:
Publisher
Abstract:
The history of anatomical dissections in early modern Japan has been recounted many times, usually beginning with Yamawaki Tōyō (1706–1762) who conducted the first Japanese autopsy in 1754. As Yamawaki, and all those curious physicians who followed his example, consulted European anatomy books, their dissections are unanimously considered to be a response to Western stimuli. This view is based on the assumption that anatomical research in Japanese traditional medicine had fallen into a stage of stagnation, lacking any impetus toward further progress. However, a closer look reveals that Japanese interest in anatomy had already been rekindled in the first half of the 18th century, when osteopathic pioneers and an ambitious ophthalmologist had begun to prefer their own observations over the mere study of classical texts, and even ventured out to have a look into the interior of human cadavers. This paper traces these activities and their indigenous history. Read more
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